O'Reilly logo

Mac OS X Tiger in a Nutshell by Jason McIntosh, Chuck Toporek, Chris Stone, Andy Lester

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Name

install

Synopsis

install [options] file1 file2
install [options] files directory
install -d [options] [file] directory

Used primarily in Makefiles to update files. install copies files into user-specified directories. Similar to cp, with additional functionality regarding inode-based information like UID, GID, mode, flags, etc.

Options

-b

Create backup copies of existing target files by renaming existing file as file .old. See -B for specifying extension name (i.e., default is .old).

-B suffix

Use suffix as a filename extension when -b is in effect.

-c

Copy the specified file(s). This is the default behavior of the install command.

-C

Copy the file. Don't change the modification timestamp if the target exists and is the same as the source.

-d

Create any missing directories.

-f flags

Set the file flags of the target file(s). Flags are a comma-separated list of keywords. See the chflags(1) manpage for further details.

-g gid or groupname

Set GID of target file to group (privileged users only or user is member of specified group).

-m mode

Set the mode of the target files to mode. The default is 0755, or rwxr-xr-x.

-M

Don't use mmap(2).

-o uid or username

Set ownership to uid or username or, if unspecified, to root (privileged users only).

-p

Preserve modification times.

-s

Strip binaries to enhance portability.

-S

Safe copy. The source file is copied to a temporary file and then renamed. The default behavior is to first unlink the existing target before the source is copied.

-v ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required