List contents of directories. If no
names are given, list the files in the current directory. With one or more
names, list files contained in a directory
name or that match a file
names can include filename metacharacters. The options let you display a variety of information in different formats. The most useful options include -F, -R, -l, and -s. Some options don't make sense together (e.g., -u and -c).
Print one entry per line of output.
List all files, including the normally hidden files whose names begin with a period.
List all files, including the normally hidden files whose names begin with a period. Don't include the . and .. directories.
Print nonprintable characters with their C-style escape codes, such as
\n for line feed and
\t for tab. Characters without an escape code print with their octal values, such as
Print nonprintable characters with their octal codes, such as
List files by status change time (not creation/modification time).
List files in columns (the default format).
Report only on the directory, not its contents.
Print the ACL for the file, if present.
Print directory contents in exactly the order in which they are stored, without attempting to sort them.
Flag filenames by appending
/ to directories,
* to executable files,
@ to symbolic links,
| to FIFOs,
= to sockets, and
% to whiteouts.
Enable colorized output.
List sizes from the -l option with units: bytes, ...