Summarizing large data using principal component analysis

Suppose that you would like to build a predictor for an individual's expected net fiscal worth at age 45. There are a huge number of variables to be considered: IQ, current fiscal worth, marriage status, height, geographical location, health, education, career state, age, and many others you might come up with, such as number of LinkedIn connections or SAT scores.

The trouble with having so many features is several-fold. First, the amount of data, which will incur high storage costs and computational time for your algorithm. Second, with a large feature space, it is critical to have a large amount of data for the model to be accurate. That's to say, it becomes harder to distinguish ...

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