Chapter 1 Introduction

Artificial intelligence (AI) attempts to build intelligent entities and understand how they perceive, understand, and predict. The dream of creating machines that can understand and think goes back to ancient Greece. Years before the existence of programmable computers, it was hard for people to imagine such a thing AI is a prospered field that has many applications in today’s society and active research topics. Researchers look at the potential uses of intelligent software in medical diagnosis, understanding speech or images, and automating routine labor.

At the beginning of AI’s emergence, the field rapidly solved problems described by mathematical rules that are intellectually difficult for humans but relatively simple ...

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