This chapter is divided into six sections: the first introduces the chapter and describes organizations; section two provides an account of the developments that led to the birth of organizations as we know them today. Then, section three presents a brief view of theories of organization by highlighting the perspectives that were central in constructing these theories and are still informing the theory construction process. The application of organization theory perspectives to information organizations is discussed in section four. The discussion in section five aims to provide a rather broad view of the constituents of an organization, including objective, policy, functional arrangements (departmental structure), ...

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