Work: The Individual Perspective

The third and final perspective from which we will examine work flows and structure is that of the individual employee and job. We look first at the various theories of what motivates employees to achieve higher levels of performance and then look at different ways jobs can be designed to maximize employee productivity. In the next section, we look at job analysis, which is the gathering and organization of information concerning the tasks and duties of specific jobs. The section concludes with a discussion of job descriptions, which are one of the primary results of job analysis.

Motivating Employees

Motivation can be defined as that which energizes, directs, and sustains human behavior.38 In HRM, the term ...

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