1.4. RESEARCH CATEGORIES
Harvey Brooks (1968, p. 46) has suggested a general set of dimensions and categories of research:
The degree to which the research is fundamental or applied—for example, basic research versus applied research and development. The term "fundamental" refers to an intellectual structure, a hierarchy of generality, while the term "applied" refers to a practical objective. It is true that fundamental research is generally less closely related to practical application, but not inevitably so.
The scientific discipline—for example, physics, chemistry, or biology
The function of the research, or its primary focus—for example, defense, health, or environment
The institutional character of research—for example, academic (university), ...