The question of specialization is also related to both person and environment. Some people enjoy specialization, while others prefer to be generalists. Some environments encourage and some discourage specialization. The literature suggests that successful R&D personnel are not overspecialized. They are interested in several topics and are able to talk with others about their problems with ease. Specialization can be tolerated in the early stages of a career, but later there is a need for broader interests and the ability to talk constructively with a wide range of colleagues.

In selecting people who have such attributes, the manager can look for specific behaviors. For example, the kind of person who tolerates answers such ...

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