2. Introducing MariaDB

In this chapter, you learn what MariaDB is, and the tools you can use when working with it.

What Is MariaDB?

In Chapter 1, “Understanding SQL,” you learned about databases and SQL. As explained, it is the database software (DBMS or Database Management System) that actually does all the work of storing, retrieving, managing, and manipulating data. MariaDB is a DBMS, that is, it is database software.

MariaDB is based on MySQL, which has been around for a long time, and is now in use at millions of installations worldwide. Why do so many organizations and developers use MySQL? Here are some of the reasons:

Cost—MySQL is open-source, and free to use (and even modify) without paying for it.

Performance—MySQL is fast (make ...

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