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Master Math: Essential Physics by David Allen Lawrence, Debra Anne Ross Lawrence

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Chapter 9GAS AND THERMODYNAMICS

9.1. Definitions—Mass, Moles, and Amu

9.2. The Gas Laws

9.3. Kinetic Theory

9.4. Diffusion and Osmosis

9.5. The Laws of Thermodynamics

9.6. Vaporization, Vapor Pressure, and Phase Change

9.7. Key Concepts and Practice Problems

“At quite uncertain times and places,The atoms left their heavenly path,And by fortuitous embraces,Engendered all that being hath”

Attributed to James Clerk Maxwell

9.1. Definitions—Mass, Moles, and Amu

Before learning about gases, let’s review a few key definitions:

• The Periodic Table of Elements lists the elements and their isotopes, atomic numbers, and atomic masses.

Atomic number is the total number of protons in an atomic nucleus.

Mass number or atomic mass number is the total ...

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