A database, in the simplest terms, is a structured collection of information or records. Computer databases can be used to store massive amounts of information in a format that makes it easy to sort and find specific data points.
Databases represented some of the earliest applications of computers. In the years immediately following World War II, several early computers were built in part to track the large numbers of veterans and active-duty military personnel created by the war.
The term database was coined in 1963 at a symposium on data storage techniques. It was originally spelled as two words, but was merged into a single word in Europe during the 1970s.
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