Using the test shell builtin

It is probably time for us to pull over to the side of the scripting highway and look a little more at this command test. This is both a shell builtin and a file executable in its own right. Of course, we will have to hit the built-in command first, unless we specify the full path to the file.

When the test command is run without any expressions to evaluate, then the test will return false. So, if we run the test as shown in the following command:

$ test

The exit status will be 1, even though no error output is shown. The test command will always return either True or False or 0 or 1, respectively. The basic syntax of test is:


Or, we can inverse the test command with:


If we need to include ...

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