Extracting features from images
Computer vision is the study and design of computational artifacts that process and understand images. These artifacts sometimes employ machine learning. An overview of computer vision is far beyond the scope of this book, but in this section we will review some basic techniques used in computer vision to represent images in machine learning problems.
Extracting features from pixel intensities
A digital image is usually a raster, or pixmap, that maps colors to coordinates on a grid. An image can be viewed as a matrix in which each element represents a color. A basic feature representation for an image can be constructed by reshaping the matrix into a vector by concatenating its rows together. Optical character recognition ...