It's also important to understand that the management styles mentioned above are not rigid "either/or" choices. Each one is, in general, a spectrum. For example, when you're looking at the direction/consultation axis, you don't decide which of those two poles you're going to choose; you decide where on a continuum you're going to come down.
Direction –––––––––––––––––––––––– Consultation
You may choose to be highly directive, or highly consultative; but you may also choose to be a bit of both. You can approach a given person or situation from any point on the spectrum.
In the case of coaching and support, the spectrum is more a question of degree; you may offer a given employee a lot of coaching, or you may offer very little. ...