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Mastering OpenCV Android Application Programming by Nisarg Thakkar, Salil Kapur

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HOG descriptors

Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG) descriptors are feature descriptors that use the direction of intensity of the gradients and edge directions. For HOG descriptors, we divide the image into small cells, compute a histogram for each cell, and further combine these histograms to compute one single descriptor. They are similar to SIFT descriptors in the sense that both use image gradients and both divide the image into spatial bins and form a histogram, but SIFT descriptors help you to match local regions (using keypoint locations), while HOG descriptors use sliding windows to detect objects. The HOG descriptor works well with geometric and illumination transformations, but does not work well with object orientations (unlike ...

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