Types of models
With a broad idea of the basic components of a model, we are ready to explore some of the common distinctions that modelers use to categorize different models.
Supervised, unsupervised, semi-supervised, and reinforcement learning models
We've already looked at the iris data set, which consisted of four features and one output variable, namely the species variable. Having the output variable available for all the observations in the training data is the defining characteristic of the supervised learning setting, which represents the most frequent scenario encountered. In a nutshell, the advantage of training a model under the supervised learning setting is that we have the correct answer that we should be predicting for the data points ...