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Mathematicians Fleeing from Nazi Germany by Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze

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ONE

The Terms “German-Speaking Mathematician,”“Forced,” and “Voluntary Emigration”

THIS CHAPTER tries to settle some fundamental concepts to be used in the book concerning the overall process of expulsion of scientists by the Nazi regime and which are not specific to “mathematics,” although the concrete examples are from that particular field. In addition, this chapter outlines the structure of argumentation and the mode of presentation used in the book.

The expulsion of many European mathematicians from their jobs and from their home countries between 1933 and the early 1940s forced upon them by Hitler’s regime is undoubtedly the central event of the social history of mathematics between the two world wars.

That momentous event has to be put, ...

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