Chapter Two



Mathematical Thought in Vedic India


As noted in section 1.3, the earliest extant Sanskrit texts are the ancient religious texts known as the Vedas, which are traditionally grouped into four sahitās or collections. Probably the oldest elements of these collections, based on comparisons of their vocabulary and grammatical and prosodic forms, are hymns to various deities in some sections of the g-veda or “Praise-Knowledge.” The standard model of ancient Indian historiography places their composition sometime ...

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