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Mathematics in India by Kim Plofker

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Chapter Three

 

 

Mathematical Traces in the Early Classical Period

The middle of the first millennium BCE is generally considered the approximate end of the Vedic period, when the corpus of śruti or revealed scriptures was completed and Sanskrit started to shift from a primary language to a learned language. 1 As noted in Chapter 1, at about the same time, Buddhism and Jainism emerged as distinct religious movements associated with the teachers Buddha and Mahāvīra, and the Persian Achaemenid empire reached to the northwest of the South Asian subcontinent. Within the next couple of centuries, Sanskrit was linguistically analyzed and standardized by the great grammarian Pāini in the form that is now called Classical Sanskrit, the first surviving ...

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