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Mathematics in India by Kim Plofker

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Chapter Eight

 

 

Exchanges with the Islamic World

Prior to about the nineteenth century, most of the Indian mathematics that came to western Asia and Europe, as well as most of the Western mathematics that found its way to India, was transmitted by Muslim intermediaries in what became the vast empire of the caliphate. Consequently, the following brief sketch of the story of these interactions is called here “exchanges with Islam,” although it also covers some contacts with pre-Islamic cultures and non-Muslims in Islamic regions.

8.1 INDIAN MATHEMATICS IN THE WEST

After the heyday of the Indo-Greek kingdoms in northern and western India and the waning of Roman dominance, the Sasanian empire of pre-Islamic Iran was India’s chief contact in the ...

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