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MCSE: Windows 2000 Exams in a Nutshell by Paul Murphy, Michael Moncur

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Managing Disk Storage

There are some significant differences between Windows NT 4 and Windows 2000 involving file management and disk storage. Many of the basic disk management topics, such as FAT versus NTFS, RAID levels, and basic file permissions, are covered in Part I.

Windows 2000 supports both basic disks and dynamic disks . Basic disks can contain primary and extended partitions, and logical drives can be added within the extended partition. This is the familiar setup in DOS- and Windows-based computers. Dynamic disks are an optional new feature included with Windows 2000, but you may not want to upgrade your basic disks to dynamic disks.

  • Dynamic diskadvantages

    • Can resize a dynamic disk without rebooting.

    • A single dynamic disk can span multiple physical disks and can support RAID 0, 1, and 5.

  • Dynamic disk disadvantages

    • Can only be accessed by Windows 2000 computers

    • Less fault tolerant than basic disks

Changes to NTFS in Windows 2000

Windows 2000 comes standard with a new version of its secure filesystem, NTFS5. Version 5 of NTFS has a few new features, such as reparse points and Native Structured Storage, both of which are covered later in this section.

Windows 2000 domain controllers must use NTFS. Microsoft recommends that all Windows 2000 clients also use NTFS, unless they are used as multi-boot machines. The reason for this exception is that most operating systems cannot read an NTFS volume.

Disk quotas

Windows 2000 allows an administrator to limit and monitor the amount of disk ...

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