Megaprojects: An Evolving Hybrid Meta-Organization

Megaproject organizations, formed to develop a vast array of capital-intensive systems, are ubiquitous in today's society. But organization science has yet to qualitatively distinguish them from other forms of organizing work. Through a longitudinal study of the development of three large infrastructure systems—London's Olympic Park, London's Crossrail, and Heathrow Airport's Terminal 2—we argue that megaprojects are a hybrid meta-organization consisting of two symbiotically related structures. At the core, a flat collective shares control over the system-level goal and strategic design choices; its membership mirrors the organization that will later share the capital asset in use. ...

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