The most common emoticons are faces and expressions composed of standard keyboard punctuation marks and symbols, and which are viewed sideways. These are known as "smileys" in reference to the first emoticons, which represented a smile, such as: : - ). Smileys are indicators of the emotional "tone of voice" intended by the writer.

Table C-1. Smileys






left-handed smile


smile with a large nose (or clown smiley)


smile with no nose


smirk (or wry smile)


wry smile (or leer)




just clowning around (or inebriated)


extreme happiness (or sarcastic happiness)


very happy (or laughing)


laughing hard

:-) :-) :-)

loud guffaw


laughing and crying


amused (and possibly confused)


chagrined (or skeptical) ...

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