Syntax. COVARIANCE.S(array1,array2)

Definition. This function returns the covariance of a sample, which is the average of the products of deviations for each data-point pair.


  • array1 (required). The first cell range of integers

  • array2 (required). The second cell range of integers


The arguments must be numbers, names, arrays, or references that contain numbers. If an array or reference argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells, those values are ignored. However, cells with the value 0 are included.

If array1 and array2 have a different number of data points, COVARIANCE.S() returns the #N/A error. If array1 or array2 is empty, the function returns the #DIV/0! error.

See Also

You will find more information about covariances ...

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