Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the underlying markup language of the World Wide Web. It’s the common thread that ties together virtually every Web site, from large-scale corporate sites such as Microsoft’s to single-page classroom projects at the local grade school.

Don’t let the phrase “markup language” intimidate you. A markup language annotates or “marks up” plain text, letting a browser know how to format that text so it looks good on a Web page. It’s easy to get started—in fact, you can create a simple Web page in just a few minutes. While full-featured What You See Is What You Get (WYSIWYG) tools exist that can help speed up the process of writing Web pages, all you really need is an ordinary text-editing program such as ...

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