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Microsoft® Office SharePoint® Designer 2007 Bible by Vikram Kartik

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Chapter 19. Understanding Workflow Architecture

IN THIS CHAPTER

Introducing workflow concepts

Exploring workflow technologies

Implementing workflow association and initiation

Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 (WSS v3) introduces one of the most sought-after features for collaboration-oriented applications called workflows. Workflows provide the backbone for implementing business-driven processes and the logical flow of work. A workflow, in its most basic definition, is a logical process that defines the flow of work in a business entity. You can think of it as a series of steps that take place while implementing a business practice. For example, the chronological order of the steps that occur in a document-approval process may be represented as a workflow where based on a certain set of conditions, an approver decides whether a document should be approved and sent up the chain to be reviewed by the senior approvers or be rejected. A series of steps that need to be executed before a loan application is approved or an insurance claim is accepted could form a workflow process. There are many key pieces to the logical representation of a workflow:

  • Stages: Stages define the states of an object in a workflow. For example, a document-approval workflow can have a number of stages through which the document passes before reaching the final approval state (which is when the workflow is deemed completed).

  • Events: Events are the triggers that can be used to start or stop a workflow. For example, ...

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