18.10 Workflow Authoring 623
Chapter 18
perspective, this means that as an end user, you will see an additional menu
item on the Actions menu, called Process all tasks. If you are a participant in
multiple workflows within your organization, the benefits of this capability
are quickly realized. When you click the Process all tasks menu option, you
are presented with a collated list of all the workflow task types, sorted by
workflow template. If you click on a specific task type, you are presented
with an editable form, implemented through InfoPath, that allows you to
edit the tasks in bulk. Only the workflows that support bulk edits are dis-
played in the list. Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 does not support the
capability to process workflows in bulk.
The predefined workflows for SharePoint Server 2007 leverage InfoPath
form templates. If you examine the Feature folders of each of these work-
flows, you will notice a folder named Forms that hosts the InfoPath forms
associated with the workflow. Before we show you how to integrate InfoPath
forms with workflow, let’s take a quick look at how workflows are authored
in SharePoint.
18.10 Workflow Authoring
When it comes to authoring workflows, there are a variety of tools provided
for Windows SharePoint Services and SharePoint Server 2007. Which tool to
use and when really depends on what you are trying to achieve with your
workflow. For example, if you want to create a custom workflow that lever-
ages the use of InfoPath forms, you would choose SharePoint Server 2007
Table 18.3 SharePoint Server 2007 Predefined Workflows
Workflow Name Description Feature Name in Browser
Approval Routes a document for approval.
Approvers can approve or reject the
document, reassign the approval task,
or request changes to the document. By
default, the workflow assigns tasks to
participants sequentially.
Routing Workflows
(Folder Name = ReviewWorkflows)
Collect Feedback Routes a document for review. Review-
ers can provide feedback, which is com-
piled and sent to the document owner
when the workflow is completed. By
default, this workflow assigns tasks to
participants in parallel.
Routing Workflows
(Folder Name = ReviewWorkflows)
624 18.10 Workflow Authoring
and Visual Studio 2005 with the WWF extensions and the SharePoint SDK
templates applied. If you want to build a workflow application that uses
ASPX forms only, then you would choose Windows SharePoint Services and
either SharePoint Designer 2007 or Visual Studio 2005 with the WWF
extensions applied.
18.10.1 Authoring Workflows in Windows SharePoint
Services 3.0
Two options are available for authoring workflows targeted for the Windows
SharePoint Services 3.0 platform. The first option involves the use of Visual
Studio 2005 with the WWF extensions applied. The Visual Studio 2005
Extensions for .NET Framework 3.0 (Windows Workflow Foundation)
extends the native Visual Studio environment to provide support to develop-
ers for building workflow applications that leverage Windows Workflow
Foundation. This is great news for developers already familiar with develop-
ing applications in Visual Studio 2005, as it offers a familiar environment
from which to build workflow applications. Once the workflow extensions
have been installed, an additional Workflow option appears under both the
Visual Basic and C# project types in the New Project dialog (Figure 18.55)
The Workflow option offers a number of workflow project templates that
you can use as the foundation for your custom workflow solution. The
project templates include workflow libraries used for creating sequential
workflows, state machine workflow libraries used for creating state machine
workflows, and activity libraries used for creating a set of activities that can be
reused in future workflow solutions.
Collect Signatures Gathers signatures needed to complete
a Microsoft Office document. This
workflow can only be initiated from
within an Office application.
Collect Signatures Workflow
(Folder Name = SignaturesWorkflow)
Disposition Approval Manages document expiration and
retention by allowing participants to
decide whether to retain or to expire
Disposition Approval Workflow
(Folder Name = ExpirationWorflow)
Translation Management Manages document translation by cre-
ating copies of the documents to be
translated and assigning translation
tasks to the translators.
Translation Management Workflow
(Folder Name = TranslationWorkflow)
Table 18.3 SharePoint Server 2007 Predefined Workflows (continued)
Workflow Name Description Feature Name in Browser

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