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Microsoft® Windows® Internals: Microsoft Windows Server™ 2003, Windows XP, and Windows 2000, 4th Edition by David A. Solomon, Mark E. Russinovich

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Troubleshooting Boot and Startup Problems

This section presents approaches to solving problems that can occur during the Windows startup process as a result of hard disk corruption, file corruption, missing files, and thirdparty driver bugs. First, we describe three Windows boot-problem recovery modes: last known good, safe mode, and the Recovery Console. Then we present common boot problems, their causes, and approaches to solving them. The solutions refer to last known good, safe mode, the Recovery Console, and other tools that ship with Windows.

Last Known Good

Last known good (LKG) is a useful mechanism for getting a system that crashes during the boot process back to a bootable state. Because the system's configuration settings are stored in ...

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