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Microsoft® Windows® Internals: Microsoft Windows Server™ 2003, Windows XP, and Windows 2000, 4th Edition by David A. Solomon, Mark E. Russinovich

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Name Resolution

Name Resolution is the process by a character-based name, such as Mycomputer or http://www.microsoft.com, is translated into a numeric address, such as 192.168.1.1, that the protocol stack can recognize. This section describes the two TCP/IP-related name resolution protocols provided by Windows, Domain Name System (DNS) and Windows Internet Name Service (WINS).

Domain Name System

Domain Name System (DNS) is a standard by which Internet names (such as http://www.microsoft.com) are translated to their corresponding IP addresses. A network application that wants to resolve a DNS name to an IP address sends a DNS lookup request using the TCP/IP protocol to a DNS server. DNS servers implement a distributed database of name/IP address ...

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