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Microsystems for Bioelectronics, 2nd Edition by Victor V. Zhirnov, Ralph K. Cavin III

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Chapter 2

Basic physics of ICT

Abstract

An energy barrier is a potential field that can be used to either localize or regulate the transfer of charged particles, for example, electrons. Energy barriers are central to the operation of every subsystem needed to form micron-scale systems such as the nanomorphic cell. This chapter makes manifest the fundamental properties underlying the formation and control of energy barriers in electronic devices; especially transistors and memory elements that are discussed in Chapter 3. It turns out that energy barriers are not perfect regulators of electron locality/transmission and two fundamental mechanisms by which unwanted transitions can occur are discussed. In one case, if the potential field defining ...

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