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Mike Meyers' CompTIA A+ Guide to Managing and Troubleshooting PCs, Sixth Edition (Exams 220-1001 & 220-1002), 6th Edition by Mike Meyers

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NAT (Network Address Translation)   A means of translating a system’s IP address into another IP address before sending it out to a larger network. NAT manifests itself by a NAT program that runs on a system or a router. A network using NAT provides the systems on the network with private IP addresses. The system running the NAT software has two interfaces: one connected to the network and the other connected to the larger network.

The NAT program takes packets from the client systems bound for the larger network and translates their internal private IP addresses to its own public IP address, enabling many systems to share a single IP address.

native command queuing (NCQ)   Disk-optimization feature for SATA drives enabling faster read and write ...

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