Myth has several definitions. A common interpretation holds that myths are stories that explain our origin and our place in the universe. However, that’s not what I am talking about in this book. I’m referring to beliefs we hold that aren’t true. These beliefs can be stated as scientific fact or be based on inferences from observation. They can also have an appeal that makes them plausible. And, unfortunately, persistent.

The Brain and Learning Project of the UK’s Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) talked specifically about neuromyths (many of which are listed here), and defined them as “a misconception generated by a misunderstanding, a misreading, or a misquoting of facts scientifically established ...

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