5.1 MOBILE WEB EVOLUTION
The beginning of mobile browsers was marked by the advent of the Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) by the Open Mobile Alliance (OMA). WAP 1.0 was released in 1998. It defined a markup language, Wireless Markup Language (WML) and a scripting language, WMLScript. WML and WMLScript were specially designed for wireless phones with built-in adaptations and consideration for the limited bandwidth wireless network, display limitations and modest CPU speeds of the phones at that time. Browsers supporting WML can still be found today. WAP 2.0 was released in 2002 also by OMA. The markup language of WAP 2.0 is XHTML Mobile Profile, which can be considered as a subset of XHTML. Similarly, WAP 2.0 also introduced ...