Division of Labor

A primary consideration of any organizing effort is how to divide labor. Division of labor is the assignment of various portions of a particular task among a number of organization members.14 Rather than one individual doing the entire job, several individuals perform different parts of the job. Production is divided into a number of steps, with the responsibility for completing various steps assigned to specific individuals. The essence of division of labor is that individuals specialize in doing part of a task rather than the entire task.15

A company typically would have different people doing different jobs, so everyone ...

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