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Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria, Third Edition by Edmundo Gomes de Azevedo - Institute Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Rüdiger N. Lichtenthaler - University of Heidelberg, John M. Prausnitz - University of California, Berkeley

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Chapter 9 Electrolyte Solutions

Many industrial and natural processes require information on phase equilibria of electrolyte solutions. Some examples are: partitioning processes in biochemical systems; precipitation and crystallization processes in geothermal-energy systems or drilling muds; desalination of water; water-pollution control; salting-in and salting-out effects in extraction and distillation; production of natural gas from high-pressure aquifiers where natural gas is in equilibrium with brines; food processing; and production of fertilizers.

Extensive modifications of traditional activity-coefficient models described in Chap. 6 are required to describe phase equilibria in systems containing electrolytes.

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