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Multifunctional Agriculture by Roger Leakey

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Chapter 2

The Role of Trees in Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture in the Tropics

This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 2014. Annual Review of Phytopathology 52, 113–133, with permission of Annual Reviews

Abstract

In conventional modern agriculture trees are typically seen as a hindrance to intensive agriculture and are thus cleared from fields with the subsequent loss of the biodiversity and its role in a very diverse set of agroecological functions. This deforestation leads to the loss of soil fertility, land degradation, declining crop yields and loss of livelihoods, as well as greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere and threats to the survival of wildlife. This chapter examines how all these impacts can be reversed ...

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