2.5. Process Safety Challenges and Looking at the Future

2.5.1. Introduction

Over the last few decades, process safety has become paramount in the chemical industries. To increase the safety of the existing operations, plant personnel have identified and reduced potential hazards by installing adequate measures. A majority of companies have used tools like HAZOP, LOPA, and FTA to mitigate the dangers associated with process operations. Current incidents seem almost always the result of a combination of organizational issues, lack of competency, and technical failures of equipment (Knegtering and Pasman, 2009). Increase in complexity and sophistication of the process installations and control systems have compromised the safety of the operations. ...

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