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Music Theory for Computer Musicians by Michael Hewitt

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Inverted Chords

As a triad has three notes, it follows that at any given time, any of the three notes of a triad might occur in the bass. When the root note is in the bass—in other words, it is heard as the lowermost note—the chord is said to be in root position. Chords in root position give a very strong and stable harmony compared to inverted chords. Consequently, most songs tend to end with a root position chord (see Figure 13.2).

Figure 13.2. C major triad in root position.

Inverted chords occur when a note other than the root occurs in the bass. There are two kinds of inverted chords: In first inversion chords, the third is in the bass, ...

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