Childhood and Psychoanalysis
Although it is important not to throw out the baby with the bathwater, there is an awful lot of psychoanalysis that needs to go down the plughole and we also need to appreciate that psychoanalysis is only one of the parents of the baby and that the growing infant differs in very important ways from its progenitors.
—Michael Rutter (1995a, p. 565)
The primacy of childhood has always been a cornerstone of psychoanalysis, and it still is. In the 20th century, Sigmund Freud was the most powerful and influential proponent of the concept that adult personality and adult symptoms are rooted in childhood experiences. As we will see, modern revisions of Freud, however much they change his original model, always ...