Nanoscience and nanoengineering of cement-based materials
G. Constantinides, Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus
Concrete is the most widely used construction material and given the current population growth, economic development, and need for repair/replacement of aging infrastructure, its consumption is expected to increase. Unfortunately though, the production of one of its major constituents, cement, is associated with approximately 5–10% of the global anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions and therefore the industry and the specific material is in urgent need for reevaluation. The chemical reactions and resulting products that are produced when cement is mixed with water create a material that is highly complex. The ...