Thin films and nanostructured coatings for eco-efficient buildings

C.G. Granqvist,     Uppsala University Sweden


Thin films and nanostructured coatings are becoming of increasing importance for eco-efficient construction. This chapter discusses the underlying reasons why this is so and then introduces the major technologies. They are subdivided into those requiring vacuum or plasmas – with focus on evaporation and sputtering – and a range of other techniques. Nanoparticle-based coatings are discussed separately, with an emphasis on advanced gas deposition, deposition of carbon-based structures, and microbial fabrication. Large-scale deposition is treated in particular detail, and some views are given on future developments.

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