Vitamins and Minerals
To carry out the biological functions necessary to live, breathe, develop, heal, and engage in all the other wonderful activities that make life worth living, your body requires vitamins and minerals. In this appendix, I provide essential information about vitamins (Table A-1) and minerals (Table A-2) and the foods in which they’re commonly found. I also specify each vitamin’s and mineral’s better form — the specific chemical compound of the vitamin or mineral that’s best for one or more reasons; for example, vitamin C is commonly sold in the form of ascorbic acid, but vitamin C also comes in the form of various mineral ascorbates, which are less acidic and more bioavailable (that is, more readily accessible to the human body). I also include information on electrolytes in Table A-3.