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Natural Organic Matter in Water

Book Description

Approximately 77 percent of the freshwater used in the United States comes from surface-water sources and is subject to natural organic matter contamination according to the United States Geological Survey. This presents a distinct challenge to water treatment engineers. An essential resource to the latest breakthroughs in the characterization, treatment and removal of natural organic matter (NOM) from drinking water, Natural Organic Matter in Waters: Characterization and Treatment Methods focuses on advance filtration and treatment options, and processes for reducing disinfection byproducts. Based on the author’s years of research and field experience, this book begins with the characterization of NOM including: general parameters, isolation and concentration, fractionation, composition and structural analysis and biological testing. This is followed by removal methods such as inorganic coagulants, polyelectrolytes and composite coagulants. Electrochemical and membranes removal methods such as: electrocoagulation, electrochemical oxidation, microfiltration and ultrafiltration, nanofiltration and membrane fouling.

  • Covers conventional as well as advanced NOM removal methods
  • Includes characterization methods of NOM
  • Explains removal methods such as: removal by coagulation, electrochemical, advanced oxidation, and integrated methods

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributors
  6. List of Abbreviations
  7. Chapter 1. General Introduction
  8. Chapter 2. Characterization of NOM
    1. 2.1. Introduction
    2. 2.2. General Parameters
    3. 2.3. Isolation and Concentration
    4. 2.4. Fractionation
    5. 2.5. Chromatographic Methods
    6. 2.6. Spectroscopic Methods
    7. 2.7. Biological Testing
    8. 2.8. Other Characterization Methods
    9. 2.9. Conclusions
  9. Chapter 3. NOM Removal by Coagulation
    1. 3.1. Introduction
    2. 3.2. Aluminum-Based Coagulants
    3. 3.3. Ferric-Based Coagulants
    4. 3.4. Inorganic Polymer Flocculants
    5. 3.5. Organic Polyelectrolytes
    6. 3.6. Composite Coagulants
    7. 3.7. Novel Coagulants
    8. 3.8. Conclusions
  10. Chapter 4. NOM Removal by Electrochemical Methods
    1. 4.1. Introduction
    2. 4.2. Principles of EC and EO Technologies
    3. 4.3. EC and EO Technologies in NOM Removal
    4. 4.4. Conclusions
  11. Chapter 5. Membranes
    1. 5.1. Introduction
    2. 5.2. Microfiltration
    3. 5.3. Ultrafiltration
    4. 5.4. Nanofiltration
    5. 5.5. Reverse Osmosis
    6. 5.6. Membrane Fouling
    7. 5.7. Conclusions
  12. Chapter 6. NOM Removal by Advanced Oxidation Processes
    1. 6.1. Introduction
    2. 6.2. AOPs in NOM Removal
    3. 6.3. UV Light Based Applications
    4. 6.4. Fenton Processes
    5. 6.5. Heterogeneous Photocatalysis and Catalytic Oxidation
    6. 6.6. Ultrasound Irradiation and E-Beam Irradiation
    7. 6.7. Conclusions
  13. Chapter 7. NOM Removal by Adsorption
    1. 7.1. Introduction
    2. 7.2. Adsorption
    3. 7.3. Adsorbents and Their Characteristics
    4. 7.4. NOM Removal from Water by Adsorption
    5. 7.5. Conclusions
  14. Chapter 8. Ion Exchange
    1. 8.1. Introduction
    2. 8.2. Removal of NOM from Water by Ion Exchange
    3. 8.3. Conclusion
  15. Chapter 9. Integrated Methods
    1. 9.1. Introduction
    2. 9.2. Coupling Coagulation with Other Processes
    3. 9.3. Coupling Membrane Technology with Other Processes
    4. 9.4. Conclusions
  16. Bibliography
  17. List of Journal Titles with Abbreviations
  18. Index