Chapter 3

NOM Removal by Coagulation

Mika Sillanpää,  and Anu Matilainen∗∗     Lappeenranta University of Technology, LUT Faculty of Technology, LUT Chemtech, Laboratory of Green Chemistry, Sammonkatu 12, 50130 Mikkeli, Finland     ∗∗Finnish Safety and Chemicals Agency, Kalevantie 2, 33100 Tampere, Finland

Abstract

The presence of natural organic matter (NOM) causes various problems in drinking water and drinking water treatment processes, including (1) negative effect on water quality by causing color, taste, and odor problems, (2) increased coagulant and disinfectant doses (which in turn results in increased sludge volumes and production of harmful disinfection by-products), (3) promoted biological growth in distribution system, and (4) increased ...

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