Chapter 5

Membranes

Mika Sillanpää, Sari Metsämuuronen∗∗,  and Mika Mänttäri∗∗     Lappeenranta University of Technology, LUT Faculty of Technology, LUT Chemtech, Laboratory of Green Chemistry, Sammonkatu 12, 50130 Mikkeli, Finland     ∗∗Lappeenranta University of Technology, LUT Faculty of Technology, LUT Chemtech, Skinnarilankatu 34, 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland

Abstract

Aquatic natural organic matter (NOM) is a heterogeneous mixture of biopolymers and their degradation products that cause harmful by-products during drinking water production. The great variability in NOM composition makes it difficult to remove from drinking water completely by conventional coagulation or by any single technique. This chapter reviews NOM removal by membranes—namely, ...

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