Chapter 6

Donning the mantle of world leadership 1945–1952


This chapter considers an eventful 7-year period following World War II during which US science and technology policy coalesced and began to assume a form more familiar to today’s observers of government policy in this area. Vannevar Bush, at that time director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development in Washington, was close to President Roosevelt and had tremendous influence over his decisions regarding government’s role in science and technology. The chapter contains the text of a letter from Roosevelt to Bush in late 1944 officially requesting his views on government science policies in peace time. Bush responded with a detailed report to the President titled ...

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