Chapter 7

Growing pains 1952–1974


In World War II, science had revealed a terrifying power to erase huge numbers of human lives as well as property. During his presidency, covered in this chapter, Eisenhower worried about the undue influence of the military-industrial complex and its technological underpinnings, and he was concerned about the growth of a scientific elite. However, he was committed to scientific research and his administration took a number of steps to elevate science and technology policymaking within the White House. As discussed in this chapter, largely in response to Sputnik and other technological challenges from the Soviet Union, Eisenhower signed legislation creating the National Aeronautics and Space Act, making ...

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