As stated in the title of this recipe, we will start with a Web Project.
This Web Project will be the basis for later recipes.
It is required to have NetBeans with Java EE support installed to continue with this and the following recipes.
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There are two application servers in this installation package and either Apache Tomcat or GlassFish can be chosen, but at least one is necessary.
An application server is a software framework layer that enables developers to access components by calling APIs defined by the platform in which the Application Server runs. They also provide security, state maintenance, ...