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Networking All-in-One For Dummies by Doug Lowe

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Appendix B

Glossary

10Base2
A now obsolete type of coax cable that was once the most often used cable for Ethernet networks; also known as thinnet or cheapernet. The maximum length of a single segment is 185 meters (600 feet). 10base2 is now all but obsolete.
10Base5
The original Ethernet coax cable, now pretty much obsolete; also known as yellow cable or thick cable. The maximum length of a single segment is 500 meters (1,640 feet).
10BaseT
Twisted-pair cable, commonly used for Ethernet networks; also known as UTP, twisted pair, or twisted sister (just kidding!). The maximum length of a single segment is 100 meters (330 feet). Of the three Ethernet cable types, this one is the easiest to work with.
100BaseFX
The Ethernet standard for high-speed fiber-optic connections.
100BaseT4
An alternative standard for 100 Mbps Ethernet using four-pair Category-3 cable.
100BaseTX
The leading standard for 100 Mbps Ethernet, which uses two-pair, Category-5 twisted-pair cable.
100VG AnyLAN
A standard for 100 Mbps Ethernet that isn’t as popular as 100BaseT. Like 100BaseT, 100VG AnyLAN uses twisted-pair cable.
1000BaseT
A new standard for 1,000 Mbps Ethernet using four-pair, Category-5, unshielded twisted-pair cable. 1000BaseT is also known as Gigabit Ethernet.
1 Trillion BaseT
Well, not really. But if current trends continue, we’ll get there soon.
802.2
The forgotten IEEE standard. The more glamorous 802.3 standard relies on 802.2 for moral support.
802.3
The IEEE standard known in the vernacular as Ethernet. ...

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