First-generation, inert ceramics exhibit excellent mechanical strength, corrosion and wear resistance. This chapter reviews the fundamental properties that make alumina, zirconia, titania and pyrolytic carbon the materials of choice for the production of numerous load-bearing implants. The shortcomings of these materials, namely their relative brittleness and limited ability to be integrated with soft and hard tissues in vivo, are also discussed as a limiting factor for their clinical application.
bioinert refractory polycrystalline compounds
Ceramics are inorganic materials that are generally formed ...